Classical and Neoclassical
Classical and Neoclassical. What does it all mean?
Key Stage:KS3-4 Art and Design
Overview:This lesson can be used:
-to start a sculpture project,
-to foster an understanding of the link between discoveries made outside the arts, and artists’ practice
-to practice the use of maquettes as preliminary studies for 3d work and be aware of its similarities to the use of sketches prior to painting.
Suggested Classroom Activity
John Gibson’s ‘Hunter & His Dog’ at The Usher Gallery, Lincoln, was made as a result of the artist observing a street scene in Rome, and returning to make a small clay model of it in his studio. The short film shows Andrea Martin from The Usher Gallery talking about how Gibson came to design the life size sculpture.
He was quickly commissioned to make a life-size marble statue. He subsequently made further full-size copies.
The Hunter and His Dog in 3D
Task the students to study the video sequence scrolling through the footage to find the angle they would choose to best represent the sculpture in 2D. Students take a screen grab of their best shot, note the time in seconds it appears in the clip. Quickly check to see the range of choices they made.
Ask them to list the details they see in the design that show the artist was aware of the practical need to protect vulnerable elements of the design to avoid the piece getting damaged in transport.
Chisel and Colour
Ask the students what year they think the marble sculpture would have been made.
This short film (2m:14sec) will help inform the students about the similarities and differences between Classical and Neoclassical. It can be used to provoke a discussion about how much artists of one generation copy or refer back to previous generations in their work.
Try out the method of artist John Gibson
Set the task to replicate the approach of John Gibson and observe a real-life sports lesson. Students should sketch sporting action poses. They must choose an action pose they think would make an interesting and viable neo-classical style sculpture. Having researched and made decisions students should develop a design sheet for their chosen pose. This should involve simple sketches that show the proposed neoclassical sculpture from at least two angles. The idea is more important than drawing ability and simple quick sketches will demonstrate their idea.