A lesson plan inspired by the work of sculptors using the carving process in their work including, Dawn Rowland, Constantin Brancusi, Henry Moore, Henri Guardier-Brzeska and Barbara Hepworth.
Key Stage:KS2,3&4 Art and Design
Overview:A lesson plan inspired by the work of sculptor Dawn Rowland
This lesson can be used:
-to develop drawing skills and use of sketchbooks to develop ideas
-to produce creative work, exploring their ideas
-evaluate and analyse creative works
Direct CarvingDirect Carving is an approach to making sculpture from wood or stone in which the final form is not fully planned before the start. Previously artists had made 'maquettes' (French word for scale model) to work out exactly how the finished sculpture would look. Some commentators say this approach was introduced by artist Constantin Brancusi from about 1906.
Constantin BrancusiBrancusi was one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century and seen by some as the father of modern sculpture. As a child he showed skill in carving wooden farm tools. He worked briefly in the studio of famous sculptor Auguste Rodin. It was after leaving Rodin's workshop that Brancusi began developing the revolutionary style for which he is known. He began to work towards abstracted, non-literal representation, and tried to show "not the outer form but the idea, the essence of things." He also began doing more carving and by 1908 he worked almost exclusively by carving.
Constantin Brancusi: His workIn re-introducing direct carving Brancusi had a big influence on other notable sculptors including Jacob Epstein, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, Barbara Hepworth and Henry Moore. Closely linked to direct carving was the idea of truth to materials. This meant that the artist respected the nature of the material, usually stone or wood. Surfaces were kept uncluttered by detail in order to show off the material itself, and were often carefully polished to enhance the colour and markings. The results were often abstract. This image of Brancusi's work shows the abstract forms that dominated his sculpture until his death.
Direct carver Dawn RowlandDawn is a stone carver working in London today. She is proud of being part of a tradition of stone carving that goes back to ancient times. Her work is not as abstracted as Brancusi or Barbara Hepworth but she has in common the polishing of the stone to enhance the colour and emphasise the quality of the material. Showing off the beauty of the stone is important to her work.
A longer version of this film is in the CultureStreet Art channel Dawn Rowland